Size exclusion chromatography (SEC), also known as gel permeation chromatography (GPC) or gel filtration chromatography (GFC), separates particles on the basis of size. SEC is used primarily for the analysis of large molecules such as proteins or polymers. SEC works by trapping these smaller molecules in the pores of a particle. The larger molecules simply pass by the pores as they are too large to enter the pores. Larger molecules therefore flow through the column quicker than smaller molecules, that is, the smaller the molecule, the longer the retention time.